Ludwig Rubiners (1) "Psychoanalysis"
Many years ago at the Salzburg Psychoanalysts' Congress(2) I spoke about the perspective on the
fundamental problems of culture as a whole and on the imperative
of the future gained through the discovery of the "psychoanalytical
principle", i.e. the exploration of the unconscious. S.
Freud's response at the time was: "We are doctors and want
to remain doctors".
We know now how much greater the gift was than the giver permitted
himself to hope. Today, the psychology of the unconscious is
the first and only certain guarantee for finding real answers
to real questions and the right ways to reach the right goals
there already exists a periodical that tries to take first,
though faltering, steps on this basis. Men of literature, of
course, may still be able to believe naively and simply:
"Only its brute practical use, the healing effect, is of
But we hold: That man is able to know himself now,
that people are allowed to hope and obliged to strive now to
understand one another, that in this way the infinite and ultimate
solitude surrounding the individual becomes surmountable, that
an ethic with truly alive roots announces itself, this
is its practical effect and worth.
Of course, so far art has been the sole guiding light pointing
the way to an understanding of unconscious psychological meanings,
and the power of the artist will again be called upon to lead
the way on new paths of knowledge. Any art shying away from exposing
itself to the ultimate questions implied by the psychology of
the unconscious will not be art at all, anymore.
We, aspiring to pass beyond solitude, do not believe any longer
that the lawmaking spirit will be the creative spirit
it's true: the idea by and in itself adulterates, it forces
but we believe that only an idea having passed beyond solitude,
i.e. and idea existing within love, will be creative and free,
will be free spirit. A free spirit not existing within
love will be conservative or disintegrative, God or Devil, but
never free spirit.
Ludwig Rubiner betrays a fateful error by juxtaposing woman
and free spirit. We believe, the revolution that will join woman
and freedom and spirit together into one will be the first and
only true revolution.
writer (1881 1920), who had polemically written against Gross
in Die Aktion
(cf. Psychoanalyse, Die Aktion, III.Jg.,
Nr. 19, 7 Mai 1913, Sp. 483). (ed.)
(2) 27 April 1908.
Translated by Christian